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In VBA, you can create AutoFilter in order to filter a range of cells or an Excel table. In this tutorial, you will learn how to create AutoFilter for one or multiple columns and for multiple conditions.
If you want to learn how to use an advanced filter in VBA, click here: VBA advanced filter
Creating AutoFilter in VBA
First, you will see how to just create AutoFilter in a range, so a user can filter the data. The data that we will use in the examples is in Image 1:
Image 1. Data for AutoFilter examples
Here is the code for creating AutoFilter:
In order to enable AutoFilter, we need to specify the header of the range, in our case A1:E1, and use the AutoFilter method of the object Range. As a result, our data range has filters activated:
Image 2. AutoFilter enabled for the data
AutoFilter with Field and Criteria Parameters
VBA also allows you to automatically filter a certain field with certain values.
In order to do this, you have to use parameters Field and Criteria1 of the method AutoFilter. In this example, we want to filter the third column (Product) for Product A only. Here is the code:
Sheet1.Range("A1:E1").AutoFilter Field:=3, _ Criteria1:="Product A"
In the Field parameter, you can set the number of the column in the range (not in Excel), while in Criteria1 you can put the value which you want to filter. After executing the code, our table looks like this:
Image 3. AutoFilter with field and criteria
As you can see, only rows with Product A in the third column are displayed in the data range.
AutoFilter with Field and Multiple Criteria Values
If you want to filter one field with several values, you need to use the parameter Operator of the AutoFilter method. To filter multiple values, you need to set Operator to xlFilterValues and also to put all the values of Criteria in an Array. In this example, we filter the Product column for Product A and Product B. Here is the code example:
Sheet1.Range("A1:E1").AutoFilter Field:=3, _ Criteria1:=Array("Product A", "Product B"), _ Operator:=xlFilterValues
When we execute the code, we get only rows with Product A and Product B, as you can see in Image 4:
Image 4. AutoFilter with multiple criteria values
AutoFilter Data Range with Multiple Criteria
If you want to filter a field with multiple criteria, you have to use Criteria1 and Criteria2 parameters, but also the Operator xlAnd.
In the next example, we will filter the first column (Date) for dates in December 2018. Therefore, we have two criteria: a date greater than 12/01/18 and less than 12/31/18. This is the code:
Sheet1.Range("A1:E1").AutoFilter Field:=1, _ Criteria1:=">=12/01/2018", _ Operator:=xlAnd, _ Criteria2:="<=12/31/2018"
When we execute the code, you can see that only dates in December are displayed in the data range:
Image 5. AutoFilter with multiple criteria for the field
The Operator Parameter Values of AutoFilter method
In the next table. you can see all possible values of the Operator parameter of AutoFilter method and their descriptions:
|xlAnd||Includes multiple criteria – Criteria1 and Criteria 2|
|xlOr||Includes one of the multiple criteria – Criteria1 or Criteria 2|
|xlTop10Items||Filters a certain number of highest ranked values (number specified in Criteria1)|
|xlBottom10Items||Filters a certain number of lowest ranked values (number specified in Criteria1)|
|xlTop10Percent||Filters a certain percentage of highest ranked values (% specified in Criteria1)|
|xlBottom10Percent||Filters a certain percentage of lowest ranked values (% specified in Criteria1)|
|xlFilterValues||Includes multiple criteria values with Array|
|xlFilterCellColor||Filters cells for colors|
|xlFilterFontColor||Filters cells for font colors|
|xlFilterDynamic||Filter dynamic values|