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VBA Dir Function

Dir Description

Returns the first filename that matches the pathname and attributes specified.

Simple Dir Examples

This will return the first file name on the current path.

Dir Syntax

In the VBA Editor, you can type  “Dir(” to see the syntax for the Dir Function:

The Dir function contains 2 arguments:

PathName: [Optional] A string expression representing a directory/folder/drive.

Attribute: [Optional] Specifies file attributes. If omitted, returns files that match pathname but have no attributes.

The Attribute argument settings are:

Constant Value Description
vbNormal 0 (Default) Specifies files with no attributes.
vbReadOnly 1 Specifies read-only files in addition to files with no attributes.
vbHidden 2 Specifies hidden files in addition to files with no attributes.
vbSystem 4 Specifies system files in addition to files with no attributes. Not available on the Macintosh.
vbVolume 8 Specifies volume label; if any other attribute is specified, vbVolume is ignored. Not available on the Macintosh.
vbDirectory 16 Specifies directories or folders in addition to files with no attributes.
vbAlias 64 Specified file name is an alias. Available only on the Macintosh.

Examples of Excel VBA Dir Function

To list the folders&files on C drive, you can use the following code.

The result will be similar with the following.

VBA Dir Function in Access VBA

The VBA Dir function works in Access VBA in the same way as it does in Excel VBA.



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