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VBA Rnd Function

Rnd Function

Used to change the seed value used by the random number generator for the Rnd function.

Simple Rnd Examples

Sub Rnd_Example()
    Dim randomValue
    Randomize
    
    randomValue = Rnd
End Sub

Rnd Syntax

In the VBA Editor, you can type  “Rnd(” to see the syntax for the Rnd Function:

The Rnd function contains an argument:

Number: [Optional] Any valid numeric expression.

Examples of Excel VBA Rnd Function

To generate random integer value between 1 and 10, you can use the following code.

Sub Rnd_Example1()
    Dim rndValue As Single
    Randomize
    
    For i = 1 To 20
        rndValue = Int((Rnd * 10) + 1)
    Next i
End Sub

This code will generate 20 random integer value between 1 and 10.

To generate random value between an lower bound and an upper bound, you can use the following function.

Function RndSpecial(upperbound As Single, lowerbound As Single) As Single
    RndSpecial = (upperbound - lowerbound) * Rnd
End Function
Sub Rnd_Example2()
    Dim randomValue As Single
    randomValue = RndSpecial(5, 30)
    MsgBox randomValue
End Sub

This will return a random value between 5 and 30.

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