Create Multiplication Table in Excel & Google Sheets

Written by

Editorial Team

Reviewed by

Steve Rynearson

Last updated on February 7, 2023
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In this tutorial, we will learn how to create multiplication in Excel & Google Sheets.

Multiplication Table in Excel

Setting up Data

To set up the data, enter numbers 1-10 in cells A2 to A11 and again in cells B1 to K1.

Multiplication Data Set Up

There’s also an interesting way to insert the numbers in the cells, with the TRANSPOSE function:

  1. Enter the numbers 1-10 in cells A2 to A11.
  2. Select the range B1:K1 and type the following formula in the formula bar.
  3. Press Ctrl+Shift+Enter, because it’s an array formula (not necessary in Excel 365 or versions of Excel after 2019).

Multiplication Data Set Up By Transpose

Now we have the set up for our multiplication table. Below we will demonstrate two ways to populate the multiplication table.

Multiplication Table using mixed references

The multiplication table can be created by using mixed cell references, where one either the row or column reference is locked and the other is not.

Use this formula in cell B2:


Mixed Reference 01

This will lock the header row for number and will multiply the header column row and will return the result.

Then we’ll copy and paste this formula into the entire range:

  • Copy cell B2 (Ctrl + C).
  • Select the range B2:K11

Mixed Reference 02

  • Press Ctrl+V to paste the formula

Mixed Reference 03

Multiplication Table using Array Formula

The array formula method is also very simple.

You’ll just have to select the range B1:K1 and insert of the formula in the formula bar and press Ctrl+Shift+Enter (Excel 2019 and Earlier):


Array Formula 01

In this way, the whole multiplication table will be created.

Array Formula 02

Create a Multiplication Table in Google Sheets

The formula to create multiplication table works exactly the same in Google Sheets as in Excel:

Multiplication Table in Google Sheets

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