# Sum If Less Than or Equal To – Excel & Google Sheets

Written by

Editorial Team

Reviewed by

Steve Rynearson

Last updated on February 8, 2023

This tutorial will demonstrate how to use the SUMIFS Function to sum rows with data less than (or equal to) a specific value in Excel and Google Sheets.

## Sum if Less Than 0

The SUMIFS Function sums data rows that meet certain criteria. Its syntax is:

This example will sum all Scores that are less than zero.

``=SUMIFS(C3:C9,C3:C9,"<0")``

We include the criteria “<0” to sum all negative Scores. In this example, the sum_range and criteria_range are the same.

## Sum if Less Than

This example sums the Revenue for all Order Numbers less than 527.

``=SUMIFS(C3:C9,B3:B9,"<527")``

### Sum if Less Than or Equal to

Instead if you’d like to include all Order Numbers less than or equal to, modify the criteria to be “<=527”:

``=SUMIFS(C3:C9,B3:B9,"<=527")``

### Sum if Less Than – Cell References

Usually, it is bad practice to hard-code values into formulas. Instead, it is more flexible to use a separate cell to define the criteria’s value.

``=SUMIFS(C3:C9,B3:B9,"<"&E3)``

Now we add the logical operator within double quotes (“”) and use & to join the operator and the criteria value:

“<“&E3

Other logical operators can be used in this formula, such as:

• Equal to (“=”&E3)
• Less than or equal to (example: “<=”&E3)
• Greater than (“>”&E3)
• Greater than or equal to ( “>=”&E3)
• Not equal to (“<>”&E3)

## Locking Cell References

To make our formulas easier to read, we’ve shown the formulas without locked cell references:

``=SUMIFS(C3:C9,B3:B9,"<"&E3)``

But these formulas will not work properly when copy and pasted elsewhere in your file. Instead, you should use locked cell references like this:

``=SUMIFS(\$C\$3:\$C\$9,\$B\$3:\$B\$9,"<"&E3)``

## Sum if Less Than in Google Sheets

These formulas work exactly the same in Google Sheets as in Excel.