# Sum If Less Than or Equal To – Excel & Google Sheets

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*This tutorial will demonstrate how to use the SUMIFS Function to sum rows with data less than (or equal to) a specific value in Excel and Google Sheets.*

## Sum if Less Than 0

The SUMIFS Function sums data rows that meet certain criteria. Its syntax is:

This example will sum all **Scores** that are less than zero.

`=SUMIFS(C3:C9,C3:C9,"<0")`

We include the criteria “<0” to sum all negative **Scores**. In this example, the *sum_range* and *criteria_range* are the same.

## Sum if Less Than

This example sums the **Revenue** for all **Order Numbers** less than 527.

`=SUMIFS(C3:C9,B3:B9,"<527")`

### Sum if Less Than or Equal to

Instead if you’d like to include all **Order Numbers** less than **or equal to**, modify the criteria to be “<=527”:

`=SUMIFS(C3:C9,B3:B9,"<=527")`

### Sum if Less Than – Cell References

Usually, it is bad practice to hard-code values into formulas. Instead, it is more flexible to use a separate cell to define the criteria’s value.

`=SUMIFS(C3:C9,B3:B9,"<"&E3)`

Now we add the logical operator within double quotes (“”) and use & to join the operator and the criteria value:

“<“&E3

Other logical operators can be used in this formula, such as:

- Equal to (“=”&E3)
- Less than or equal to (example: “<=”&E3)
- Greater than (“>”&E3)
- Greater than or equal to ( “>=”&E3)
- Not equal to (“<>”&E3)

## Locking Cell References

To make our formulas easier to read, we’ve shown the formulas without locked cell references:

`=SUMIFS(C3:C9,B3:B9,"<"&E3)`

But these formulas will not work properly when copy and pasted elsewhere in your file. Instead, you should use locked cell references like this:

`=SUMIFS($C$3:$C$9,$B$3:$B$9,"<"&E3)`

Read our article on Locking Cell References to learn more.

## Sum if Less Than in Google Sheets

These formulas work exactly the same in Google Sheets as in Excel.