In this Article
Single Variable Type
The VBA Single data type is used to store numbers that require decimal places. It can store from -3.4028235E+38 through -1.401298E-45 for negative values and from 1.401298E-45 through 3.4028235E+38 for positive values.
To declare an Single variable, you use the Dim Statement (short for Dimension):
Dim sngA as Single
Then, to assign a value to a variable, simply use the equal sign:
sngA = 3658.25
Putting this in a procedure looks like this:
Sub sngExample() 'declare the double variable Dim sngA as Single 'populate the double variable sngA = 3658.25 'show the message box MsgBox sngA End Sub
If you run the code above, the following message box will be shown.
Double Data Type
The Double data type is just a longer version of the Single data type. Due to this fact, it can effect the rounding when used in a procedure as the Single data type will round to 4 decimal places, while the Double data Type will round to 12 decimal places. If you need more than 4 decimal places, you can use the Double data type.
Int or Long Data Types
Dim intA as Integer
Dim lngB as Long
Declare Single Variable at Module or Global Level
In the previous examples, we’ve declared the Single variable within a procedure. Variables declared with a procedure can only be used within that procedure.
Instead, you can declare Single variables at the module or global level.
Module level variables are declared at the top of code modules with the Dim statement.
These variables can be used with any procedure in that code module.
Global level variables are also declare at the top of code modules. However, instead of using the Dim statement, use the Public statement to indicate that the Single variable is available to be used throughout your VBA Project.
Public SngA as Single
If you were to declare the Single variable at a module level and then try to use it in a different module, an error would occur.
However, if you had used the Public keyword to declare the Single variable, the error would not occur and the procedure would run perfectly.
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Format Single Stored as String
There may be a time where you wish to format a single data type to a string – for example you might want to display a currency symbol and round the number to 2 decimal places.
To achieve this, you use the Format function.
The following procedure
Sub TestSingleToCurrencyString() 'declare the string variable Dim strMoney As String 'declare the single and populate the value Dim sngValue As Single sngValue = 44055.256 'convert the single to a string with a currency symbol with 2 decimal places strMoney = Format(sngValue , "$#,##0.00") 'view the result MsgBox strMoney End Sub
would return this result:
Similarly, you may want to display a number as a formatted phone number.
Sub TestSingleToPhone() 'declare the string variable Dim strPhone As String 'declare the single and populate the value Dim sglValue As single sglValue = 555968541 'convert the single to a string with a currency symbol strPhone = Format(sglValue , "(000)-000 0000") 'view the result MsgBox strPhone End Sub
would return this result: