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LN Function – Natural Logarithm – Excel, VBA & Google Sheets

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This Tutorial demonstrates how to use the Excel LN Function in Excel to calculate the natural logarithm to a number.

LN Main Function

LN Function Overview

The LN Function Calculates the natural logarithm of a number.

To use the LN Excel Worksheet Function, select a cell and type:

ln formula syntax

(Notice how the formula inputs appear)

LN Function Syntax and Inputs:


number – A number.

LN Function 

The LN Function returns the natural logarithm of a number entered.


LN 01

LN & EXP Function

The inverse of LN Function is EXP Function. If EXP Function is nested within LN Function, it will return the given argument as it is. 


LN 02

Alternatively, the same observation can be made if the argument is given as a power of e.


LN 03


Here the POWER Function raises the natural number e to the power of 2. To learn more about POWER Function, click here.

Note: The number natural e cannot be directly entered in Excel so EXP(1) is used. You can explore the EXP Function here

LN & LOG Function

The LN Function is the special case of LOG Function with the base e. LOG(4,e) will return the same result as LN(4).


LN 04

LOG Function is discussed in detail, click here to learn more.

LN Function – Negative Number/Zero

The LN Function will return an error if the argument is zero or a negative number. 


LN 05 01


LN 05 02


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LN in Google Sheets

The LN Function works exactly the same in Google Sheets as in Excel:

LN GSheet

Additional Notes

Use the LN Function to calculate the natural logarithm of a number. Simply enter any number directly into the formula, or reference a cell containing a number.

LN Examples in VBA

You can also use the LN function in VBA. Type:


For the function arguments (number, etc.), you can either enter them directly into the function, or define variables to use instead.


will return the natural logarithm of number 5, which is 1.6094

Also, we can use an existing cell as an input parameter, so if we enter the following VBA command

Range("B1") = Application.WorksheetFunction.Ln(Range("A1"))

and the value in cell A1 is 4, we will get the following result:

Vba LN function


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