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PRODUCT Function Examples in Excel, VBA, & Google Sheets

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This Tutorial demonstrates how to use the Excel PRODUCT Function in Excel to multiply an array of numbers.

PRODUCT Main Function

PRODUCT Function Overview

The PRODUCT Function Multiplies an array of numbers.

To use the PRODUCT  Excel Worksheet Function, select a cell and type:

product formula syntax

(Notice how the formula inputs appear)

PRODUCT Function Syntax and Inputs:


number1 – Two or more numbers, separated by commas, or an array of numbers.

PRODUCT Function 

The PRODUCT Function returns the product of the numbers entered in the function.



PRODUCT Function – Cell Reference

The PRODUCT Function returns the product when cell references are entered as argument.



Here cell C3 is multiplied by cell C4.

PRODUCT Function – Cell Range

The PRODUCT Function can also return the product if a range is entered.




The formula will multiply the cells in the range i.e. C3 * C4 * C5 * C6.

PRODUCT Function – Array

The PRODUCT Function can return the product if an array is entered as an argument.



The function will multiply 4, 5, 6, & 7. 

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PRODUCT Function – Different Ranges

The PRODUCT Function can take two or three different ranges and return their product.



Here the function will return the product of the following cells: B3, B4, B5, B6, C3, C4, C5, C6. 

PRODUCT Function – Empty Cell 

The PRODUCT Function ignores empty cells when it returns the product of a given range.



PRODUCT Function – Cell with Text 

Likewise, the PRODUCT Function ignores any cell with text when it returns the product of a given range.





SUMPRODUCT Function returns of the sum of the product of corresponding members of an array or range.



Here the function multiples C3 * D3, C4 * D4, C5 * D5&  C6 * D6 and returns the sum of these products.


PRODUCT in Google Sheets

The PRODUCT Function works exactly the same in Google Sheets as in Excel:

PRODUCT Google Function

Additional Notes

Use the PRODUCT Function to multiply an array of numbers.
Instead of typing:


you can enter:


PRODUCT Examples in VBA

You can also use the PRODUCT function in VBA. Type:


For the function arguments (number1, etc.), you can either enter them directly into the function, or define variables to use instead.

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