PROPER Function In Excel

This Excel Tutorial demonstrates how to use the Excel PROPER Function in Excel to convert text to proper case, with formula examples.

PROPER Function Description:

The PROPER Function Converts entire text string to proper case. The first letter in each word is capitalized.

Formula Examples:

proper function examples

Example Formula Result
Text 1 =PROPER(C5) All Lower Case
Text 2 =PROPER(C6) All Update Case
Text 3 =PROPER(C7) All Proper Case

Syntax and Arguments:

The Syntax for the PROPER Formula is:

Function Arguments ( Inputs ):

text – A string of text.

Additional Notes


PROPER Examples in VBA

You can also use the PROPER function in VBA. Type:
For the function arguments (text, etc.), you can either enter them directly into the function, or define variables to use instead.

Return to the List of all Functions in Excel

How to use the PROPER Function in Excel:

To use the AND Excel Worksheet Function, type the following into a cell:
After entering it in the cell, notice how the AND formula inputs appear below the cell:
proper formula syntax
You will need to enter these inputs into the function. The function inputs are covered in more detail in the next section. However, if you ever need more help with the function, after typing “=PROPER(” into a cell, without leaving the cell, use the shortcut CTRL + A (A for Arguments) to open the “Insert Function Dialog Box” for detailed instructions:
how to use the proper function in excel

For more information about the PROPER Formula visit the
Microsoft Website.