How to Divide Cells / Columns – Excel & Google Sheets

Written by

Mel Jenkins

Reviewed by

Laura Tsitlidze

Last updated on December 26, 2022

This tutorial will demonstrate how to divide cells and columns in Excel and Google Sheets.


divide formula example


The Divide Symbol

The divide symbol in Excel is the forward slash on the keyboard (/). This is the same as using the division sign (÷) in mathematics. When you divide two numbers in Excel, start with an equal sign (=), which will create a formula. Then type in the first number (the number you want to divide), followed by the forward slash, and then the number you wish to divide by.


The result of this formula would then be 8.

Divide With a Cell Reference and a Constant

For greater flexibility in your formula, use the reference of a cell as the number to be divided and a constant as the number to divide by.


divide formula cells constant


To divide B3 by 5, type the formula:





Then copy this formula down the column to the rows below. The constant number (5) will remain the same but the cell address for each row will change according to the row you are in due to Relative Cell referencing.

divide formula constant copy


Divide a Column With Cell References

You can also use a cell reference for the number to divide by.


divide formula cells


To divide cell C3 by cell D3, type the formula:


Since the formula uses cell addresses, you can then copy this formula down to the rest of the rows in the table.


divide formula cells copy


As the formula uses Relative Cell addresses, the formula will change according to the row it is copied down to.

Note: that you can also divide numbers in Excel by using the QUOTIENT Function.

Divide a Column With Paste Special

You can divide a column of numbers by a divisor, and return the result as a number within the same cell.


divide paste special


  1. Select the divisor (in this case, 5) and in the Ribbon, go to Home > Copy, or press CTRL + C.
  1. Highlight the cells to be divided (in this case B3:B7).
  1. In the Ribbon, go to Home > Paste > Paste Special.




  1. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Divide and then click OK.


divide paste special dialog


The values in the highlighted cells will be divided by the divisor that was copied and the result will be returned in the same location as the highlighted cells. In other words, you will overwrite your original values with the new divided values; cell references are not used in this this method of calculation.


divide paste special result


The #DIV/0! Error

If you try and divide a number by zero, you will get an error as there is no answer when a number is divided by zero.


divide dividebyzero


You will also get an error if you try and divide a number by a blank cell.


divide dividebyzero blankcell


To prevent this from happening, you can use the IFERROR Function in your formula.


divide iferror


Using the methods above, you can also add, subtract, or multiply cells and columns in Excel.

How to Divide Cells and Columns in Google Sheets

Apart from the divide Paste Special function (which does not work in Google Sheets), all of the above examples will work in exactly the same way in Google Sheets.


divide dividebyzero google sheets

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