Convert State Name to Abbreviation – Excel & Google Sheets

Written by

Editorial Team

Reviewed by

Steve Rynearson

Last updated on October 25, 2023
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This tutorial will demonstrate how convert a state name to an abbreviation in Excel and Google Sheets.

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To convert a state name to an abbreviation, we can use the VLOOKUP Function.

VLOOKUP Function

The VLOOKUP Function searches for a value in the leftmost column of a table and then returns a value a specified number of columns to the right from the found value.

First, we need to create a table with the lookup values in it.  The state name would be in the first column, and the abbreviation in the second column.

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Although the graphic above is only showing the first 13 states, the lookup table would need to have all 50 states in it.

Next, we use a VLOOKUP function to look up the State abbreviation.


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Because we have used an absolute for the lookup table ($), we can then copy the formula down to the other rows of our table.

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Using a RANGE Name

If you do not want to highlight the lookup table within your formula, before you create the formula, you can create a range name for the lookup table.

Highlight the range eg: E5:F54

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Click in the names box and type the word STATES and then press the Enter key on the keyboard.

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You will now be able to select the named range from the drop down list in the name box.

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This will highlight all the cells in the names range.

You can now use this range name in your VLOOKUP formula instead of using the actual range of cells.

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Convert State Name to Abbreviation in Google Sheets

The VLOOKUP function works the same way in Google Sheets as it does in Excel.

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